Hair Care

Home Remedies For Dandruff

Home Remedies For Dandruff

Undoubtedly, dandruff is one of the most common and commercially exploited hair problems of our time. To get rid of dandruff, you can use chemically laden anti-dandruff shampoos or opt for expensive hair salon treatments. But what if I say that you can treat dandruff naturally and that too free-of-cost. Believe me, you can make your dry scalp healthy and absolutely free of dandruff in just no time with products available at your home itself. But before I list down the eight most effective home remedies for dandruff, let’s find out what dandruff is and what are its causes?

1. What is dandruff?

Dandruff is a skin condition that affects our scalp. It is a condition where dry and white flakes of skin from the scalp fall all over the shoulders. It is not harmful but can cause itchiness and may lead to social embarrassment.

2. What causes dandruff?

One of the primary reasons for dandruff is that skin cells on the scalp grow and die-off too swiftly. It occurs due to the assimilation of Malassezia Globosa (a microbe that is present on every scalp), sebum (naturally secreted oils) and a sensitive scalp. When the Malassezia breaks down the sebum on your scalp, it produces oleic acid, which irritates the scalp, if it is sensitive. To get the irritant (oleic acid) out, the body sheds cells faster than usual. This leads to visible flaking called dandruff.

3. Home remedies for dandruff

Here are the eight most effective home remedies for dandruff.

3.1 Tea Tree Oil

3-01How does it help?

Tea tree oil is popular for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties and effectively helps in soothing dandruff symptoms [1]. A study has shown that shampoos with a small proportion of tea tree oil (approximately 5%) are effective for dandruff treatment [2]. Tea tree oil is one of the most used home remedies for dandruff.

How to use it?

With shampoo

  • Mix a few droplets of tea tree oil with your regular shampoo
  • Apply the mixture to your dry and itchy scalp and wait for 2 to 3 minutes
  • Rinse thoroughly

With hair-oil

  • Mix a few droplets of tea tree oil with your regular hair-oil (like coconut oil)
  • Massage the mixture on your scalp and wait for an hour
  • Shampoo and rinse thoroughly

Shop Tea Tree Oil By Body Shop

Usage

Twice a week.

Precaution

If you have a sensitive scalp, don’t oil your scalp for more than one hour.

3.2 Aloe Vera

3-02How does it help?

Nature’s blessing to the human race, aloe vera is known for antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties [3]. It can be used to exfoliate the irritated scalp and provide relief from inflammation mildly.

How to use it?

  • Extract the gel directly from the plant
  • Apply the gel and wait for 20 minutes
  • Shampoo and rinse thoroughly

Usage

Twice a week.

3.3 Lemon Juice

3-03How does it help?

Lemon juice has critic acid and acts as a natural cleansing agent against dry and white flakes. It’s acidic content balances the pH of the scalp and thus keep dandruff under check. It is also considered as a natural astringent and is very effective in drying up excessive oily scalps. A study has shown that lemon juice has antimicrobial properties too [4].

How to use it?

  • Squeeze out 4 to 5 lemons and apply the fresh juice to your scalp
  • Cover your head and wait for 20 minutes
  • Rinse thoroughly

Usage

Twice a week.

Precaution

If you have minor cuts or wounds on your scalp, refrain from applying lemon juice as it aggravates them due to its acidic nature.

3.4 Yogurt

3-04How does it help?

Yogurt (Dahi) has antifungal properties which reduce irritation and itchiness of the scalp [5]. Good bacteria present in yogurt helps in restricting excessive microbial growth and thus treats dandruff effectively. Yogurt also acts as a natural conditioner providing dry scalp with ample moisture.

How to use it?

  • Apply a thick layer of yogurt onto your scalp
  • Let it sit for an hour or two
  • Rinse off with a mild shampoo

Usage

Twice a week.

Added advantage

Yogurt can be used as a hair mask too. A natural conditioner, it makes hair soft and silky.

3.5 Neem

3-05How does it help?

Neem has antifungal, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties [6]. It contributes to the well-being of our scalp and removes dry and white flakes effectively.

How to use it?

With shampoo

  • Boil a few neem leaves and add the green water to your regular shampoo
  • Apply the mixture to your troubled scalp and wait for 2 minutes
  • Rinse thoroughly

As a paste

  • Grind some neem leaves and add a splash of hot water
  • Apply the paste to your dry scalp and wait for an hour
  • Rinse off with a mild shampoo

Usage

Twice a week.

3.6 Aspirin

3-06How does it help?

Aspirin has salicylic acid, the same active ingredients that are present in medicated anti-dandruff shampoos [7].

How to use it?

  • Add two crushed aspirin tablets to your regular shampoo
  • Apply the mixture to your itchy scalp and wait for 2 minutes
  • Rinse thoroughly

Usage

Twice a week.

3.7 Vinegar

3-07How does it help?

It is believed that the acidic content of vinegar gets rid of the shedding skin on the scalp and does not clog pores. It is also said that vinegar keeps the ph of the scalp balanced and makes it difficult for yeast to grow. According to a study, apple cider vinegar has antifungal properties against candida (a kind of yeast) which is the most common cause of fungal infections [8].

How to use it?

  • Combine half a cup of vinegar with the same amount of water
  • Apply it on your scalp and wait for 20 minutes
  • Shampoo and rinse thoroughly

For the best results, use apple cider vinegar instead of malt vinegar. Apple cider vinegar makes it harder for the yeast to grow, as it balances the pH of the scalp effectively.

Shop Apple Cider Vinegar Hair Rinse By dpHUE

Usage

Once a week.

Precaution

If you have a cut on the scalp, don’t use the mixture.

3.8 Baking Soda

3-08How does it help?

Baking soda acts as an exfoliator for the dry scalp and also as a fungicide which helps kill the abundant Malasezzia [9]. Baking soda is alkaline and is believed to balance the pH of the scalp.

How to use it?

  • Take a cup of water and add one tablespoon of baking soda
  • Rub it all over your scalp
  • Rinse off with a mild shampoo

Usage

Twice a week.

Your hair may become dry for the first few weeks but don’t worry. Your healthy scalp will soon start producing natural oils, leaving your hair softer.

Precaution

When applying the mixture of baking soda and water on your scalp as a substitute for shampoo, do not leave the mixture for too long. Doing so would dry out your hair.

4. FAQs on dandruff treatment

4.1 Is oiling for more extended periods of time suitable for hair with dandruff?

Oiling the dry scalp may sound good. But, the prolonged application of oil can be a reason for the rapid growth of Malassezia and ultimately lead to more dry and white flakes. Avoid oiling your hair for more than two hours.

4.2 Are anti-dandruff shampoos safe?

Anti-dandruff shampoos can be harsh to your scalp and hair as their purpose is to temporarily re-balance the scalp’s pH balance which does not usually last for long. Upon using regularly, they can cause severe damage to your scalp and hair. On the other hand, most of the home remedies for dandruff mentioned above are natural and are great contributors to a healthy scalp.

4.3 What is the best treatment for dandruff?

Chemically laden anti-dandruff shampoos can be an obvious choice, but we tend to disagree. Since dandruff is a result of an unhealthy scalp, you should opt for treatments which are more natural and make your scalp healthy inside-out. Home remedies for dandruff mentioned above are effective, and you can start with the one you think is easy to adopt. Have a healthy and nutritious diet so that you get all the inner strength in fighting off these dry and white flakes without using artificial products.

Dandruff is a scalp condition. So, focus on keeping your scalp healthy using these eight effective home remedies for dandruff.

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